Saturday, January 16, 2016

1 Timothy 2:5 - The Man Jesus -- Still a Man?

For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. -- 1 Timothy 2:5, World English.
The above is often quoted by many trinitarians, unitarians as well as some oneness believers in an effort to prove that Jesus is still, today, "the man Christ Jesus." Actually, this is done by stopping the quote at the end of the verse, and taking the quote out of its context, since the apostle Paul is actually saying: "the man, Christ Jesus who gave himself a ransom [offsetting price] for all. -- 2 Timothy 2:5,6.
1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,
1 Timothy 2:6 who gave himself as a ransom for all; the testimony in its own times;

The man, Jesus, did indeed give himself as an offsetting price to pay the price of sin in Adam. (1 Corinthians 15:21,22; Romans 5:15-19) It is only because he, as a human, did give himself as that offsetting price that he is now exalted above the angels, and is no longer a human being, a little lower than the angels. (Psalm 9:5; Hebrews 1:4; 2:9; 1 Peter 3:22) It was his human blood that was given for mankind, however, that provides the means of mediation between man and the God of Jesus. Paul is not saying that Jesus is now a human being, but rather that it was the human being who died for us as mediator of the new covenant. (Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; 1 Corinthians 11:25) It is that sacrificed human blood that makes Jesus the mediator. (Hebrews 12:24; 13:20) If Jesus has not sacrificed his humanity, then he likewise is not the mediator of that new covenant, and the very basis of redemption in the blood of Jesus is removed. No, Jesus is not now a man, but as a man, he became the mediator in that he as a man gave his humanity, including his human blood, flesh, body, and soul, as a ransom sacrifice.

Jesus is most certainly not confined today with his God and Father in heaven to a body having the terrestrial glory a little lower than the angels. (1 Corinthians 15:40; Hebrews 2:9) Jesus is today no longer a human being; he was put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit. He sacrificed his flesh (John 6:51), his blood (Matthew 26:28) representing his human soul (Deuteronomy 12:23 -- consisting of body of dust and the spirit of life from God -- Genesis 2:7), his human body (Hebrews 10:10), once for all time for sin. As a human being, he is indeed dead forever, else there has been no sacrifice, there has been no price paid for sin. (1 Timothy 2:5,6) The whole basis of the ransom sacrifice as given in the Bible depends on this redemption. -- Romans 5:1-19; 1 Corinthians 15:21,22.

Addendum:

One complains that Charles Taze Russell said, "the man Jesus is dead, forever dead.'' (The At-one-ment Between God and Men, studies vol. 5, p. 454), and that this statement is blasphemy.  My response is: Yes, Brother Russell is indeed correct in that statement, in harmony with what I have presented above; if the man who gave himself as a ransom for all (1 Timothy 2:5,6) is now alive then he either did not sacrifice himself for us, or else he took the sacrifice back; either way we are left without a savior. The act of the man Christ Jesus, in giving his body of flesh for our sins (Hebrews 10:10), is what makes him mediator between God and man. Without that sacrifice, we have no mediator.

Jesus, of course, was raised bodily from the dead, but the body that God gave to him was not that of a physical, terrestrial, earthly body of dust, but rather it was a spiritual, heavenly, celestial body. -- 1 Corinthians 15:12-19,20-22,35-45.

Related
(I do not necessarily agree with all conclusions presented by other authors)

    • Atonement Between God and Man, The - By Charles Taze Russell - Studies in the Scriptures related to the fact and philosophy of Christ’s atoning work; the relationship between God and Jesus, the nature of man, the divine punishment for sin, the truth about hell, the operation of the Holy Spirit, and more.